小宇宙百科

海森堡(Werner Heisenberg)

海森堡,德国犹太物理学家,1932年获诺贝尔奖,他以两件事著称于世。战后他称自己是英雄,以科学家良知抵制希特勒核计划。

 

来自2009/01/30/ 小宇宙百科09030

北泽晋/编  邢小叶/配图

海森堡,德国犹太物理学家,1932年获诺贝尔奖,他以两件事著称于世:一是提出了著名量子"测不准原理"揭示了微观世界混沌性;二是他主持希特勒原子弹计划。曾经想由各国科学家之间默契以制止原子弹生产,二战史上因此诞生"海森堡之谜"。战后他称自己是英雄,以科学家良知抵制希特勒核计划。有人认为海森堡并不想造原子弹,而另有人认为他没有能力制造原子弹。

From: 2012/08/18/ XYZpedia12005

Werner Heisenberg, a brilliant German physicist, one of the founders of quantum mechanics, had been famed all over the world for not only getting a Nobel Prize for Physics for his uncertainty principle in 1932, but also for his questionable role in World War II. Heisenberg was appointed by Adolf Hitler as director of the German uranium fission project and worked on developing atomic bombs. Although he did not support Hitler's Nazism, he did not publicly oppose its relevant policies. He continued to work on developing nuclear energy instead of participating in creating nuclear bombs.

(图:海森堡想象有一架显微镜,能借单个光子而测得单独的电子<黑点>)

He also expected that all scientists could unite to resist any production. After World War II, he claimed himself to be a hero for decling the project. Some historians thought that he actually refused, however, others questioned that the main reason may be technical limitation, rather than his so-called "principle". Nevertheless, Heisenberg's role during the war continues to be a source of great debate.

Written by 北泽晋 Translated by 食草堂

编者 北泽晋

想去巴黎却还在北京学哲学的小同学,梦想转型拍电影,搞艺术,写小说,做科学。

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