小宇宙百科

经济学家林毅夫

林毅夫,原名林正义,著名经济学家,祖籍福建,出生于台湾宜兰。1979年回到大陆,在北大获得政治经济学硕士。08年出任世界银行首席经济师兼副行长,主管发展经济学,他被认为是距离诺尔贝奖最近的中国人。

来自2009/02/12/-02/15/ 小宇宙百科09043-09046

北泽晋/编 清凌/配图

林毅夫,原名林正义,著名经济学家,现任世界银行副行长,祖籍福建,出生于台湾宜兰。少时家境贫寒,联考后就读于台湾大学农业工程系,投身学生运动,发动"反对共匪混入联合国"游行失败。因第一学期微积分只有4分而濒临退学,大一上结束新生寒训时,他决定参军不回台大,因而成为军方宣传入伍的明星人物。因理科差,他申请入陆军军官学院并以第二名成绩毕业。林正义求学期间受到蒋经国关心,以军职身份完成国立政治大学企业管理硕士学位。

79年美国与中国建交并与台湾断交,他被调至最前线金门马山连任连长,那里与大陆的最短距离只有2公里。5月他携带机密资料泅海来到大陆正式改名为林毅夫,金门动员上十万官方百姓对其进行演习搜索,在无果的情况下宣布其死亡。而林在大陆反复辗转之后终于来到北京。经过努力林毅夫进入北大,并在82年获得政治经济学硕士。诺贝尔得主舒尔茨访问北大时对担任翻译的林评价很高,推荐其至芝加哥大学成为自己的关门弟子。林仅用4年就完成博士,在耶鲁大学做了1年博士后研究后毅然归国,在国务院农村发展研究中心研究中国农业问题。92年发表《中国的农村改革和农业增长》,是国际经济学界关于中国问题引用率最高的论文之一。

95年林毅夫与易纲、海闻等六人合作成立中国经济研究中心并由其亲自担当主任,这个中心成为中国政府部门重要的智囊团。08年林出任世界银行首席经济师兼副行长,主管发展经济学,他被认为是距离诺尔贝奖最近的中国人。02年林父病逝,因种种原因他最终无法赴台奔丧,直到今天他依然以叛逃军官身份被台湾当局通缉。他曾预言到2030年中国将成为世界第一大经济体。

From 2013/03/30/ XYZPedia13006

Written by 北泽晋 Translated by 漫纯 Illustrator 邢小叶

LinYifu, who has another name --- LinZhengyi, is a famous economist and is now the vice president of the World Bank. Natived Fujian and borned in Yilan, Taiwan, Lin was poor during his childhood. After the University Entrance exam, Lin studyed agriculture engineering in Taiwan university, and took an active part in thestudent movement. But finally he failed in launching the parade of " against the Communist Party mixing into the United Nation " .

Because in the first term he only got four points in the calculus, Lin was on the verge of droping out of school. When he finished the freshman winter training, he decided to join in the army instead of going onwith his study. And because of his decision, he became the star for the army's propaganda. In addition, he applied for the Army Academy and graduated as the second one. LinZhengyi was loved by Jiangjinguo during his schoollife, and got his master's degree of management with army identity in the National ChengChi University.

When America established diplomatic rellations with China and broke relations with Taiwan in the 1979, he was transferred to the forefront----Mashan, Jinmen, where the shortest distance to the mainland is only 2 km, to be a company commander. In May , he carried confidential information with him, and swimmed to the mainland and officially renamed LinYifu. Thousands of soldiers and people in Jinmen tried to find out him, but finally they announced the death of Lin under the situation of no results.

Lin finally came to Beijing after moving around in the mainland. After hard work, Lin entered Peking University, and got a master's degree of political economy in the 1982. Nobel prize winner Schurz thought highly of Lin and recommended Lin to Chicago University to become his last disciple when he visited Peking University and Lin was translator.Lin finished his doctor course in only four years and studyed as a postdoctor for a year in Yale University. then he came back to China, researched the China agriculture in the state council rural development research center.

The thesis "China's rural reform and agriculture growth" that he published in 1992 became one of the most usually quoted theses when the international economic circles studyed the Chinese proplem. In 1995, LinYifu, Yigang, Haiwen and another three persons set up the China economic research center, which became an important brain trust of the chinese government, and Lin himself served as a directer. In 2008, Lin took up the post of chief economist and vice presidentin the World Bank in charged of the course of economic development.

What's more, he was thought as the person closest to Nobel Prize in Chinese. He was wanted by Taiwan government, which lead to it that he cannot came back to Taiwan when his father died of illness in 2002. He predicted that China would be the world's biggest economy in 2030. 漫纯/编·精思国计,细量民生

编者 北泽晋

想去巴黎却还在北京学哲学的小同学,梦想转型拍电影,搞艺术,写小说,做科学。

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