小宇宙百科

悲剧力量的画家——威廉透纳

威廉透纳,英国历史上最伟大的画家,被认为是奠定印象派诞生的重要画家之一。他痴迷于自然界的力量,美学风格上有着极高的悲剧意识。他喜欢描绘暴风雪、海难和火灾,从中表现大自然的崇高之美并激发观赏者内心的畏惧。

来自2009/03/04/-03/05/ 小宇宙百科09063-09064

北泽晋/编 清凌/配图

威廉透纳,英国历史上最伟大的画家,善于描绘光与空气的细微关系,并将风景画推上前所未有的高度,第一次与历史画和肖像画平起平坐。他被认为是奠定印象派诞生的重要画家之一。透纳1775年出生在英国一个普通家庭,父亲是理发师,母亲是一个精神病人。他很小就表现出极高绘画天赋,15岁就成为了皇家艺术学院的一员,他在油画和水彩画上成就都非常高。

(图:威廉透纳名作《风、水汽和速度》)

威廉透纳早年游历欧洲,他痴迷于自然界的力量,美学风格上有着极高的悲剧意识。他喜欢描绘暴风雪、海难和火灾,从中表现大自然的崇高之美并激发观赏者内心的畏惧,传说他曾在暴风雨中将自己捆在船上以感受大海悲剧性力量。他将水彩技巧运用到油画中描绘出大气与水光一瞬即逝的效果,他的名作《风、水汽和速度》就是这种风格的代表。莫奈受这种风格影响很大,曾经仔细研究过透纳的技巧。透纳父亲死后也陷入精神问题中,他终生未娶,生前赞贬皆有争议很大。他的《被拖去解体的卤莽号战舰》曾被选为英国最伟大的画作。4月英国使馆将在北京展出透纳112幅珍品,这也是透纳海外最大展览之一。

From 2013/06/01/ XYZPedia13009-13010

Written by 北泽晋 Translated by Anchor Illustrator 清凌

William Turner, who was good at portraying the delicate relationship between light and air, is the greatest painter in English history. He pushed the landscapes onto an unprecedented stage where landscapes were on an equal footing with history painting and portraits, which makes him an acknowledged important painter who had a solid foundation for impressionism. Turner was born in an ordinary English family in 1775. His father was a barber and his mother suffered from mental illness. Turner showed his talents for drawing when he was a young child. He was admitted to Royal College of Art at 15 years old. William Turner travelled around Europe in his early ages.

He was very infatuated with the power of nature. Therefore there was always a sense of tragedy in his paintings. He liked to portray the snowstorm, shipwrecks and fire in order to accentuate the sublime beauty of nature and arouse the inward fear of the spectators. It’s said that he once tie himself on a boat in a storm.

He applied the watercolor technique to oil paintings and successfully depicted the lightness, fluency, and ephemeral atmospheric effects. His famous work Rain, Steam and Speed is the representative of this style, which exercised a great influence on Monet, who used to make a close study on Turner’s skills. After his father’s death, Turner was stuck by depression and he never married. He was considered a controversial figure in his day. His painting The Fighting Temeraire was selected as British greatest painting. In April, 2009, one of Turner’s biggest displays containing his112 paintings was held in Peking by the British embassy. Anchor/编·缪斯的礼物

编者 北泽晋

想去巴黎却还在北京学哲学的小同学,梦想转型拍电影,搞艺术,写小说,做科学。

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